This new publication presents a comprehensive analysis of regional health inequality gaps between the most and least deprived areas of NI, and sub-regional gaps within Health & Social Care (HSC) Trust and Local Government District (LGD) areas across a range of health indicators.
Key findings - Regional
- Male life expectancy at birth has continued to improve in NI and the most and least deprived areas, with the most-least deprived gap narrowing from 7.3 years in 2010-12 to 6.6 years in 2014-16. Female life expectancy remained constant in NI and the most deprived areas and, although it increased slightly in the least deprived areas, the gap remained fairly constant at 4.5 years in 2014-16
- Healthy and Disability Free Life Expectancies either declined or remained constant between 2010-12 and 2014-16, and no changes to inequality gaps were observed with the exception of male disability free life expectancy where the gap widened from 10.2 to 12.7 years
- Alcohol and drug related indicators continue to show some of the largest health inequalities monitored in NI, with drug related and alcohol specific mortality in the most deprived areas around five times the rates seen in the least deprived.
- In 2016, the under 20 teenage birth rate in the most deprived areas was almost six times the rate in the least deprived and the proportion of mothers reporting smoking in pregnancy in the most deprived areas was almost five times that in the least deprived
- Primary 1 obesity levels fell in the most deprived areas while increasing in both the least deprived areas and NI overall which led to a narrowing of the deprivation inequality gap between 2011/12 and 2015/16
- Rates of premature mortality generally decreased over the last five years in NI and both its most and least deprived areas. Inequality gaps narrowed or remained broadly similar, with the exception of death rates among under 75s due to respiratory disease
- The inequality gap in self-harm admissions narrowed by a quarter between 2008/09-12/13 and 2012/13-16/17 with improvements observed for NI and its most and least deprived areas
This new annual publication is one of a series of reports produced as part of the NI Health & Social Care Inequalities Monitoring System (HSCIMS) and presents a comprehensive analysis of health inequality gaps between the most and least deprived areas of NI, and within Health & Social Care (HSC) Trust and Local Government District (LGD) areas across a range of indicators.
The report can be found online here or from the link below.